Hammerstein, Oscar I


Hammerstein, Oscar I
(1847-1919)
   Born in Berlin, Oscar Hammerstein I ran away from his Prussian home in 1863 and worked in a cigar factory on his arrival in the United States, because he could not find employment as a musician. An enterprising young man, Hammerstein developed several improvements in manufacturing cigars that merited patents. The income gave him the leisure to write several one-act plays, which were produced by the Germania Theatre. He also earned the resources to build several theatres, beginning with the Harlem Opera House in 1889. Careless management cost him this theatre, but Hammerstein soon built several others, including the lavish Manhattan Opera House, where his successful operatic productions led the Metropolitan Opera to buy him out. He also built the Olympic Theatre, the Columbus Theatre, and the Republic Theatre, earning the label "The Father of Times Square." With the opening of Hammerstein's Victoria Theatre, he was forced to present variety entertainments when the Theatrical Syndicate blocked his attempts to produce legitimate theatre. Under the management of his son, Willie, the Victoria became the top venue for vaudeville in the United States between 1904 and 1915. Hammerstein also wrote a few musicals, including Santa Maria (1896), In Greater New York (1897), and War Bubbles (1898). His most successful production was the first Broadway staging of the enduring Victor Herbert operetta, Naughty Marietta (1910). Hammerstein's other son, Oscar Hammer-stein II* (1895-1960), became one of the most significant figures in 20th-century musical theatre.

The Historical Dictionary of the American Theater. .

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  • Hammerstein, Oscar, II — born July 12, 1895, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Aug. 23, 1960, Doylestown, Pa. U.S. lyricist, musical comedy author, and producer. Grandson of the opera impresario Oscar Hammerstein (1846–1919), he studied law at Columbia University before… …   Universalium

  • Hammerstein, Oscar, II — (1895 1960)    Born in New York City to a theatrical family, Oscar Hammerstein went to Columbia University, where he met Richard Rodgers. In 1918, Hammerstein became a stage manager for his uncle, and in 1920 he wrote the play Always You. With… …   Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era

  • Hammerstein,Oscar — Ham·mer·stein (hămʹər stīn , stēn ), Oscar. 1846? 1919. German born American operatic manager who founded opera houses in Harlem (1888) and Manhattan (1906). His grandson Oscar Hammerstein II (1895 1960), a lyricist, collaborated on many musicals …   Universalium

  • Hammerstein, Oscar II — (1895 1960)    American librettist. He was the grandson of Oscar Hammerstein who built theatres and opera houses in New York City. He collaborated with Richard Rodgers and produced musicals including Oklahoma, South Pacific, The King and I and… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Hammerstein, Oscar, II — (12 jul. 1895, Nueva York, N.Y., EE.UU.–23 ago. 1960, Doylestown, Pa.). Letrista de comedias musicales y productor estadounidense. Nieto del empresario operístico Oscar Hammerstein (1846–1919), estudió derecho en la Universidad de Columbia antes… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Hammerstein, Oscar, II — (1895–1960)    American librettist. Hammerstein was born in New York and named after his grandfather, who had built ten theatres and opera houses in the city. The young man was a gifted librettist; he collaborated on the book for successes such… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Hammerstein, Oscar, II —  (1895–1960) American dramatist and lyric writer, known for his collaborations with Jerome Kern and Richard Rodgers …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Oscar Hammerstein II — Oscar Hammerstein (rechts) mit Richard Rodgers] (links) und Irving Berlin (1948) Oscar Hammerstein II (* 12. Juli 1895 in New York City; † 23. August 1960 in Doyle …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Oscar Hammerstein I — (left) with conductor Cleofonte Campanini in New York 1908. Oscar Hammerstein I (8 May 1847 – 1 August 1919) was a businessman, theater impresario and composer in New York City. His passion for opera led him to open several opera houses, and he… …   Wikipedia

  • Oscar Hammerstein II — For collaborative work with Richard Rodgers, see Rodgers and Hammerstein. Oscar Hammerstein II Hammerstein watching hopefuls being auditioned on stage at the St. James Theatre Background information …   Wikipedia


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